President Prometeia S.p.A.

Vice President of Il Mulino publishing house.

Member of the Editorial council of magazines Journal of Industrial Political Economy, Polotical Economy.

President of the Italian stock exchange (2000 – 2011).

Vice President of the London stock exchange (2007 – 2010).

President of the central depositary Monte Titoli S.p.A. (2001 – 2011).

President of the Clearing company of Italy Cassa di Compensazione e Garanzia S.p.A. (2003 – 2011).

Member of the board of Banca Popolare dell’Emilia Romagna (1995 – 2015).

Has been member of various government expert commissions.

1996 – 1998 – councilor on economics for the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Italy.

Member of Science-Technical committee under the Budget Ministry of Italy (1993 – 1997) and High council of he Central Statistical institute of Italy.